The former drug capital and home of Pablo Escobar and Griselda Blanco has become a vibrant peaceful city.
When asked about Medellín in Colombia, Cartel Crew Michael Corleone Blanco calls it: "A beautiful place, the most beautiful women in the world, the only thing is that you are 10 years old .38 years old." In there, Griselda Blanco, the godmother of cooking godmother Griselda Blanco, does not think of it the worst. In reality, however, the city has made a significant comeback following the death of its indigenous son, Pablo Escobar, and the "Medellin miracle" has made it a major tourist attraction. When the ladies of Cartel Crew are ready for the visit, here are ten things to know about Medellín.
Established by the Spanish Conquistadors in the early 1600s, Medellín grew slowly over the following centuries, with large numbers of Basque and Sephardic Jews. In the 1950s, during the civil unrest of La Violencia in Colombia, the population exploded as people in rural villages moved to the city for violence. It is now Colombia's second largest city with a population of 2.5 million.
Located in the mountain valley in northwestern Colombia, Medellín is known as the "City of Eternal Spring" because of its temperate climate. Temperatures fluctuate around a comfortable 60-80 degrees throughout the year. People from Medellín and its vicinity are called Paisas. They are known for their hospitality and conviviality, and love for art, culture and food.
Unfortunately, most people's impressions of the city are colored by the infamous drug cartel that called it home. From the mid-1970s to the early 1990s, the Medellin cartels were the first cocaine suppliers in the world, accounting for 80% of the cocaine trade in the United States and earning $ 4 billion a year, according to the Wall Street Journal. . They set up their own business by monopolizing drug supplies, paving the way for new opportunities for drug smuggling, and handing out unparalleled brutality to the competition. Among them was one of the most notorious drug tests in history, including…
In 1988, at the height of the drug war, Time Medellín proclaimed "the most violent city in the world". In 1989, its homicide rate was highest in the country: more than 2,600 people were killed in drug violence, according to the Associated Press. In recent years, however, the number of murders has fallen to historical lows.
Following the fall of the Medellin cartel after Escobar's death, several factions took control of the city's drug trade. The chaos was compounded by the political violence of the left-wing radical partisan army FARC and right-wing paramilitary groups. Finally, the Colombian army was called upon to help curb the violence. Subsequent years saw a significant reduction in violence, reinforced by the 2016 peace agreement with FARC. But Weary Paisas is worried that after so many years of bloodshed, fragile peace will remain.
Although Medellín has made great strides since the peak of Colombian drug cartels, it is unfortunately linked to its bloody past, especially after the success of Netflix's Narcos series, which crowns Escobar and his team. The last thing many Colombians want to discuss is the Day of Violent Conflict and most guides advise you not to ask about it or visit drug-related sites.